Diamond History, Knowledge and Fun Facts
1. Legend says that the God of subterranean empire ordered his citizens to bring him all known stones of different colors. He crushed them one-by-one, mixed them all together as he said: “Let’s combine the beauty of all the stones together, to make a new stone – pure and invincible”. And so the diamond was born, – pure as a dew drop, a stone of indestructible hardness, which contained all colors hidden in the suns rays. “It is the greatest stone of this World’, – said the God – but for my queen I’ll create the greatest stone of the sea!” – and so he created pearls.
3. Certification from an internationally renowned grading lab is THE most important C when it comes to purchasing a diamond. It is your assurance that you are getting what you paid for. Without it you are taking the word of the person selling it to you.
5. Diamond cut is different to diamond Shape – any diamonds that are not Round Brilliants are considered fancy shapes.
2. Romans believed that Cupid’s arrows were tipped with diamonds.
4. Diamonds are graded according to the four C’s: carat weight, clarity, color and cut.
6. Cut refers to the facets cut into the diamond. It is the only one of the C’s that is affected by man and the only C that has a direct affect on the life, brilliance and ultimately the beauty of the diamond. It is the only thing you shouldn’t pay more for but should demand excellence in.
If a stone is poorly cut, light is lost through bottom or sides of it, reducing the liveliness and overall beauty of the stone. Round brilliant diamonds are the only shape that receives an cut ‘grade’ of excellent, very good, good or poor.
The other shapes have optional ranges and ratios that they should adhere to to receive optimal brilliance.
7. Clarity is determined by the stone’s inclusions and blemishes, as viewed by a 10x loupe or microscope. There are two types of inclusions – black and white. Amalthea Diamonds only supplies diamonds containing white inclusions that are clean to the eye.
9. Color grading ranges from D (colorless) to Z. The only time clients can see the difference in colour is when they are unset and sitting side by side. A diamond’s setting can affect the appearance of color. You can not tell the difference in a diamond G and above that is set in white golf. Diamonds with a yellow tint will appear whiter if set in yellow gold. Amalthea Diamonds supply diamond H colour and above.
11. The size of the stone in measured in mm. Using Width x Length and crown. Guide measurements are typical. In typical measurement there is only a 0.6mm difference in a 0.75pt stone to a 1ct. However, guides are just that, guides. Every diamond is unique which is why it important to inspect them before you buy. For example in shapes such as pears you may have a 90pt stone and a 1ct stone and they can have the same spread.
Ultimately if you think the stone is beautiful, it fits in your budget and you trust the person selling it to you, go for it.
8. Clarity makes a significant impact on the price of the stone but does not affect diamond brilliance. Most people struggle to see the difference between the grades.
10. Carats describe the actual weight of a stone, not the size. The term ‘carat’ comes from the carob tree whose seed was used for centuries as the standard of weighing precious stones.
12. Every diamond is billions of years old and are made up of almost pure carbon.
Diamonds are formed in the Earths crust through a combination of tremendous pressure and temperatures and pushed to the surface by volcanic activity, their beauty concealed just below the Earths surface waiting to be uncovered. Once the diamonds are extracted from the Earth, the rough diamond is cut and polished at a diamond-cutting factory.
13. If you were to gather all the diamonds ever polished since the beginning of time, they would fill only one double-decker bus.
15. The very word ‘diamond’ comes from the Greek term ‘adamas’ meaning ‘unconquerable’ and ‘unbreakable’ it is for this reason that a diamond is given as a symbol of love. It represents the unbreakable love and bond a man shares with his wife and a mother feels for her child.
17. The custom of wearing a diamond ring on the fourth finger of the left hand comes from the ancient Egyptians, who believed that the vena amoris ‘vein of love’ runs directly from this finger to the heart.
14. Diamond are the hardest natural substance known to man. It is 58 times harder than the next hardest mineral on earth. Only diamond can cut diamond. For this reason, diamonds are very well suited for everyday wear in an engagement ring.
16. Diamonds exist in all colours; the rarest of all colours is blue and red.
18. Diamond is April’s birthstone.
19. Diamonds are virtually fireproof.
20. The largest rough diamond, discovered in 1905, is the Cullinan diamond which was cut into nine large diamonds and 100 smaller ones. The three largest being adorned in the crown jewels.
21. India was the world’s first supplier of diamonds. Today Diamonds are mined in many countries. Russia produces the most diamonds by volume. Botswana is arguably first in value of diamonds produced with Canada and Namibia supply high quality diamonds as well.
22. Lab-created or synthetic diamonds possess the identical chemical structure and physical properties as diamonds mined from the earth. It is very difficult to tell the difference with the naked untrained eye.